Over the years, there have been many amendments in the constitution to improve the voting laws. These laws govern who is eligible to vote and how people can vote in US elections. Article 1 of the Constitution fixed the responsibility of managing federal elections by states. Since then there have been various constitutional amendments to ensure every American is able to vote. The 15th Amendment to the Constitution allowed African Americans to vote but they were unable to exercise their rights to vote for next 100 years. States used various tactics like literacy tests and poll taxes to deny them the right to vote. All these barriers were removed when in 1965 the Voting Rights Act was introduced.
American women got the voting right in 1920 with the ratification of 19th Amendment to the Constitution. In 1964, 24th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified to remove polling taxes which prevented African American citizens from voting. Voting age was lowered to 18 in 1971 through the 26th Amendment to the Constitution. Various federal laws have been passed to safeguard the rights of citizens to vote. Civil Right Act passed in 1870 and amended several times in later years has been ratified to ensure there is no discrimination in voting. This Act protects a citizen’s right to vote.
To protect the rights of disabled people, special provisions were introduced in 1984 through Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act. It requires polling centers to make adequate arrangements so that people with disabilities can vote without problem. A large number of armed force members are stationed on overseas bases. To allow them voting by mail, The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act was ratified in 1986. This act ensures overseas voters and members of US armed forces can vote. To make it easier for the people to register in the voter lists, National Voter Registration Act was passed in 1993.
In two thirds of American states, voters are required to show some type of identification document before they are allowed to vote. Each state has its voter ID requirements. It is important for the voters to know these details before visiting the polling center for voting. All these laws have improved and refined voting practices.